Caring for Our Own flier

The meeting was lively and highly informative with 16 people present. We had two presenters: Dan Kantar from Mound Cemetery of Brooklyn Center,  Minnesota’s first certified hybrid green cemetery, and Anne Archbold from Prairie Oaks Eco Memorial Garden, Minnesota’s first completely green cemetery.   

It was helpful to hear detailed information about natural burial, what is required, who is requesting it, what are the costs, why people are planning ahead, and how such a burial can help bring closure. Both presenters were most helpful in answering detailed questions about the process.  

We also heard about Bradshaw Center in Stillwater, which offers alkaline hydrolysis (flameless cremation), from MTN member, Dawne Anderson, who visited the facility during last month’s MTN field trip.

People went away enlivened and informed, wishing to spread the word about these options, and looking forward to December’s meeting, the third and final MTN meeting on green burials this fall.

What’s the connection between mad cow disease and Bradshaw Funeral Home’s Celebration of Life Center in Stillwater, Minnesota? Alkaline hydrolysis.

Bradshaw Celebration of Life Center in Stillwater

Bradshaw Celebration of Life Center

Jason Bradshaw told the eight MTN members who participated in a Friday, October 17 field trip, that when his family decided to build their own crematory, they considered both flame and flameless cremation. Flameless, also called alkaline hydrolysis, water cremation, or resomation, won out. Why?




Environmentally, flameless cremation is preferable to flame cremation because: 

  • The carbon footprint is 75% less.
  • Toxic emissions from vaporized mercury dental fillings are eliminated.
  • The energy consumption is 1/8 that of flame cremation since the solution is heated to 302 degrees as opposed to 1400 degrees.
  • Medical implants (e.g. pacemakers and artificial hips) remain intact and could possibly be re-used outside the US, especially in developing countries. Currently, implants from Bradshaw go to a metal recycler, and proceeds go to the United Way.

High-pressure alkaline hydrolysis (there is a less effective low-pressure kind) uses pressure in conjunction with water, potassium hydroxide, and gentle agitation to produce an accelerated version of natural decomposition chemistry.

Bradshaw's Resomator

Bradshaw’s Resomator

Alkaline hydrolysis kills 100% of pathogens and leaves no trace of DNA. This feature was game-changing when mad cow disease devastated British herds. When herds around the animal crematories became infected, it was discovered that the infectious prion protein is not destroyed by fire. Alkaline hydrolysis, on the other hand, destroyed the prions. (The Ebola virus is killed by flame cremation, alkaline hydrolysis, or burial.)

This disinfecting ability was one of the reasons that in 2006 the Mayo Clinic purchased the first AH machine in the US. According to Jason Bradshaw, the first year Mayo offered AH, 124 out of 126 donor families choose it over flame cremation. Six years later, this popularity, verified by local focus groups, encouraged Bradshaw to invest in a similar facility. (Making an anatomical bequest to the Mayo Medical School is free within a 200-mile radius of Rochester.)

Jason Bradshaw says, “Alkaline hydrolysis is the future of cremation. In 1995 only 15% of people were choosing cremation. Now in Minnesota, the cremation rate is 55%. When our clients are given the choice between flame and flameless at the same cost, 80% of are choosing flameless.

community room

The Celebration of Life Center, located on the edge of Stillwater, offers a large, light-filled room with an attached kitchen for gatherings with catered food.

Down an outdoor walkway, a quiet chapel with a wall of falling water features a window overlooking the room holding the cremation unit. Family and friends can have a viewing in the little chapel and then witness their loved one’s body being placed in the stainless steel cremation chamber.

The chapel

The chapel

The process takes 3-4 hours and uses 450 gallons of water. The DNA-free effluent, which looks like thick tea, is drained off, and the intact skeleton remains. After implants are removed, the bones go into a dryer and then a blender, resulting in white powder (about ¼ more remains than a flame cremation produces) that a family can scatter or put in an urn.

Bradshaw’s basic ‘Green Cremation’ package costs the same as their basic flame cremation package, $2395. A container adds $155 and a private viewing adds $200. A direct flame cremation, through Bradshaw’s Simple Traditions, costs $1295.

The "back end" of the process.

The “back end” of the process.

What is a “green burial”? Earth-friendly burials are designed to cooperate with the natural process of decomposition and to have a minimum impact on the environment. Typically they feature:

  • No formaldehyde-based toxic embalming chemicals
  • No metal or hardwood caskets. Only biodegradable containers, made of sustainable material such as pine, or biodegradable shrouds
  • No concrete grave liners or vaults.  (Minnesota state law does not require burial vaults, but most cemeteries do.)
  • No or a natural headstone/memorial
En route to shroud burial.

En route to shroud burial.

Learn more about green burials at our November 11 meeting with the owner of Prairie Oaks Eco Memorial Garden in Inver Grove Heights and the manager of Mound Cemetery of Brooklyn Center, Minnesota’s first certified green hybrid cemetery.

November 11, 7-9pm at the home of Linda Bergh, 4315 Xerxes Ave. Minneapolis. 612-927-0894. Free and open to all.

Death Over Dinner

Death Over Dinner logo

Come join us as we circle around the table for a hearty meal and conversation around a topic that we like to keep under the table, death.  Tonight will be different, as we listen to each other and share in our collective and individual wisdom about death. 

Death Over Dinner is a way to spark an open-ended conversations about death, from one’s personal experiences and spiritual views about a topic that can be a conversational taboo, to ways friends and families can plan for end-of-life care and advance directives when they or their loved ones die.” Jaweed Kaleem, Huffington Post

This event is open to the public.  Invite your friends and neighbors!

Thursday, November 6th, 6:30-9pm
Saint Mary’s Episcopal Church
1895 Laurel, Saint Paul MN 55104
Potluck Dinner (please bring something to share)

Please RSVP to Anne Murphy at annievmurph @ gmail.com or 651-964-9128



GreenCremation Stillwater facility.

GreenCremation Stillwater facility.

You are invited to a Minnesota Threshold Network tour of the new flameless or “green” cremation facility on Friday, October 17, 2014 at 11:00am at 2800 Curve Crest Blvd, Stillwater, MN, 55082. Free and open to all.

Also known as alkaline hydrolysis, flameless cremation uses a chemical process to reduce a body to its basic elements in a similar time and for the same cost as flame cremation. Bradshaw Funeral and Cremation Services has the first commercial unit in the country.

For more information, watch Kare 11′s 2012 story about the facility, read the Star Tribune article, or visit the GreenCremation website.

Alkaline hydrolysis chamber

Alkaline hydrolysis chamber

Mark your calendars for upcoming MTN 2014-2015 monthly meetings, all on Tuesdays: October – 14 -  Movie night:  A Will for the Woods November 11 – Green Burials: the principles and the practicalities — with managers of local green cemeteries December 9 – Story night – A mortician’s experiences with natural burials plus State Rep. Carolyn Laine’s PowerPoint presentation January 13 – Death and Cookies – an open discussion about all aspects of death February 10 – Movie night: This Dewdrop World, connecting a personal death to planetary loss. March 10 – Preparing for death, advance directives, The Conversation(s), advance funeral planning April 14 – Looking at Caregiver Loss after an anticipated death May 12 – Story night: recent home vigils – Practicalities, challenges, benefits, and affects on the grieving process June annual forum TBA

We hope to see you there.


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